The following resources provide various examples for different types of lease agreements. Some are quite specific, and others are more broad, but all provide a starting point for writing a lease agreement. These documents are not intended to take the place of legal advice. Along with the sample leases, we have included resources developed to help set a lease rate that is fair for both landowner and tenant.
This document serves as a template for developing an agreement to fit a leasing situation. While formulated for leasing in Iowa, this detailed resource outlines options for cash rent, flexible cash rent, and crop share agreements, and would be best utilized as a starting point from which landseeker and landowner could pick and choose what is most compatible with their situation. This document is not intended to take the place of legal advice.
Model Agricultural Ground Lease
This PASA document serves as a template for leasing land in the model of a ground lease. An agricultural ground lease is an agreement through which a tenant is permitted to develop a piece of property during the lease period, after which the land and all improvements are turned over to the property owner. In this model, ownership of the land is typically separated from ownership of buildings on the property. This document is not intended to take the place of legal advice.
Short-term Lease Agreement
This Land For Good document serves as a template for leasing land for one or two seasons. Note at the end of the document there is a list of potential forms to include as attachments. This document is not intended to take the place of legal advice.
Multi-year Lease Agreement
This Land For Good document serves as a template for leasing land for two or more years. This document is not intended to take the place of legal advice.
Long-term Lease on Public Land
This Land For Good document serves as a template for leasing farmland on public land. This document is not intended to take the place of legal advice.
Cropshare Lease agreement
This Land For Good document serves as a template for leasing land, specifically in the cropshare model. While specific to the cropshare model, this resource could also lend helpful language to other leases created for other models. This document is not intended to take the place of legal advice.
Setting a Lease rate
Cropland and Livestock Leasing in Montana
If you’re interested in learning more about Crop Share Leasing or Livestock Leasing, check out this short presentation by George Haynes of MSU Extension.
Planning for On-Farm Success, Module 8: Land Access
Pages 7-9 of this Farm Link Montana resource outline a comprehensive overview of negotiating lease rates for various types of leasing.
How to Determine the Right Farm Rental Rate
Created by the University of Vermont Extension, this guide supports farmers and landowners through the process of determining a fair cash rental rate for farmland, equipment and infrastructure. While developed specifically for Vermont, some of the same methods apply to leasing in Montana. Pages 3-5 of this resource also includes a step-by-step guide outlining how to use the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS).
National Agricultural Statistics Service
This customizable, searchable database allows you to manipulate variables in order to view statistics on average lease/rental rates by county in Montana and in other states. Another feature of this service is located on the main page under the publication tab, and allows you to search for papers published by highly reputable sources on agricultural topics, including lease rates.
Farm Leases and Rents
This UC Davis resource outlines the types of leases as well as advantages and disadvantages for each. There are also two sample budgets to help with determining cash rent, and a leasing checklist at the end.